WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO MODERNIZE? (Part 2)

Enhanced Risk Management: Realizing a Dynamic Risk-adjusted Investment Cycle

One element that is consistent across capital markets in any age is a fervent desire to pursue alpha couched in efforts to optimize risk, all of which finds a point of equilibrium as determined by the market. Today all market players pursuing modernization are doing so in an environment that is subject to the below common factors.

  • Diversification of trading product (asset class) and trading method (execution method)
  • Deployment of new frameworks for securities settlement and margin trading
  • Volatility in cash, leverage, and particularly liquidity
  • Continuous strengthening of capital requirements 

As regulatory scrutiny intensifies and investor expectations for investment alpha rise, buy side financial institutions are being pushed to modernize their management functions in ways that accommodate their investment strategies with advanced levels of diversification, defensiveness, and risk transparency.

Looked at from the perspective of investors, it is clear that in addition to the deployment of advanced operational methods and superior investment strategies, that to execute these new ideas it is imperative that firms develop the capabilities needed for robust operation and risk management. Indeed, these investor expectations are likely a more daunting prospect than the stress tests and other regulatory requirements.

To perform well in today’s capital markets, Celent has advocated the need for excellence in business operations—in other words, the establishment of effective risk management and control[1]. Toward this end, it is imperative that companies destroy institutional barriers and silo-riddled organizational structures, understand regulations and risks in the context of the market, products, and trading, and seek to strengthen their organizations with an eye to securing greater transparency.

Until now, finance (funds management or capital management) has been carried out in silos, spawning competing control and management initiatives. This is proving increasingly untenable and driving the need to better integrate finance with governance, risk management, and compliance—what Celent refers to as GRC. In the meantime, the costs only continue to surge both in terms of time and money stemming from confusion related to information transmission and the value chain.

What is the best path forward?

To accurately gauge the magnitude of this issue requires a firm awareness and comprehension of the facts, but today the management of risk and finance, processes, data, and technology are fragmented. This spaghetti-like situation and disparate nature of data routes and management systems slows business processes and obscures the reality of the issue itself. Action is urgently needed to establish data flows that cut across risk and finance as well as to create agile front office control and strive for enhanced portfolio optimization.

In addition to bringing together the three elements of data—establishing a set degree of data freshness, data quality, and data routes—it is similarly imperative to integrate seamlessly front office trading systems (OMS), portfolio management (PMS), risk management, and capital management mechanisms.

The approaches taken demonstrate the limits of long-implemented stop-gag measures implemented to meet regulatory requirements. Put another way, to heighten effectiveness, there is a need to overhaul both business and technology architecture.

Management of Risk and Finance: Disparate Processes, Data, and Technology

Celent helps buy side organizations in the market today modernize their risk management—which is to say, implement initiatives to improve the effectiveness of their risk management. Celent does this in part by using the below six items as a conceptual framework to get a handle on the situation, research available solutions, and then offer advice on implementation.

  1. Understanding regulation and risk that accommodate the market, products, and trading: What is the backdrop or context and what changes are on the horizon?
  2. Integrating regulation and risk management with control functions: What targets should be integrated?
  3. Unifying risk data and risk value chain objectives: Which data and processes should be redefined?
  4. Selecting architecture and components aligned with objectives: Which solutions should be chosen?
  5. Securing mobility and flexibility in data management and platform strategies: How should the solution build be implemented?
  6. Rethinking business processes to achieve consistency with risk management: Where are the ancien régime legacy elements that hamstring business modernization?

 

Back to the top of this topic – Click here

 

Related releases:

Legacy Modernization in the Japanese Securities Industry, Part 1

Legacy Modernization in the Japanese Securities Industry, Part 2


New Hybrid Digital Bank, PurePoint™ Financial

This development marks a true milestone in terms of the global development of Japanese banks.

We have already seen Japanese insurers using M&As as they seek to internationalize their operations, including telematics-based auto insurance, as they enter the fray in cutting-edge financial services in mature markets.

Until now, overseas expansion in Japan’s banking sector has typically started with transaction banking and hinged on wholesale operations (trade finance, foreign exchange, and investment banking services to support the overseas development activities of Japanese companies).

This initiative signifies an expansion into retail operations of locally incorporated subsidiaries in North America with which the bank has a long history and abundant goodwill. This initiative will also provide valuable feedback that can be applied to the Japanese market. To succeed in this market will require meeting the needs of the millennial generation with state-of-the-art technologies such as IoT and AI and conducting operations in a way to develop next-generation digital financial services.

 

S&P Global Market Intelligence:  Mitsubishi UFJ Financial seeks stable dollar funding with new US online biz

NIKKEI: Mitsubishi UFJ expands in US with online banking

 

Celent Report Recommendation: Defining a Digital Financial Institution: What “Digital” Means in Banking

 

ハイブリッドデジタル銀行:ピュアポイント

またひとつ、本邦金融機関によるグローバル展開のマイルストンが刻まれた

既に保険セクターではM&Aによるグローバル事業展開が進んでおり、テレマティクス自動車保険をはじめ、成熟市場における最先端の金融サービスへの参入が始まっている。

これまで銀行セクターの海外展開は、トランザクションバンキングを筆頭に、ホールセール業務(なかでも、日系企業の海外展開を支援する貿易金融や外国為替、投資銀行業務)が中心であった。

本取り組みは、長い歴史と強い暖簾を持つ北米現地法人における個人向けリテール業務の展開であり、その挑戦と成果は、日本市場へこれまでにないフィードバックをもたらすであろう。

ミレニアム世代のニーズにマッチしたIoTAIなど最先端のテクノロジー活用と、相応しい事業体の運営による次世代デジタル金融サービスの展開が大いに期待される。

 

関連したセレントレポートの推奨:

バンキングにおける「デジタル」とは何か

日本の銀行業界におけるレガシー・モダナイゼーション パート2:銀行業界への提言

 

– Click to read more

 

 

 

JAPAN’S REGIONAL BANK CONSOLIDATION

This is just the beginning of a battle for survival in the red ocean.

The intense competition is not the result of financial authorities' encouragement but rather grows out of the zero interest policy and resultant alteration in the operating environment.

Japan's banks have already been striving to raise efficiency by consolidating their core systems.

Now what they need to focus on is leading the digital initiative, which can be adaptable to diversifying needs, rather than focusing exclusively on gaining broader market to increase ROE.

New markets and customers should be calling for innovative financial services.

Setting and implementing a new strategic framework that has not existed up until now is key to success in this era.

 

S&P Global Market Intelligence: Japan's regional banks under pressure to seek scale for survival

Nikkei: Japan's regional bank consolidation gains momentum

 

Related releases:

(JP) Legacy Modernization in the Japanese Banking Industry Part 2

(JP) Legacy Modernization in the Japanese Banking Industry Part 1

English version will be forthcoming shortly!

 

WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO MODERNIZE? (Part 1)

In Order to Modernize

Before proceeding any further, let’s pause to consider what core system modernization signifies to a brokerage firm. Celent surveys have found that to brokers modernization means agility in operations and reductions in IT costs.

This prompts the question of how to make modernization a reality. Celent focuses on two jumping off points or angles from which to approach this: One is trading lifecycle optimization (TLO), the second is improving risk management, that is to say, realizing of a dynamic risk-adjusted investment cycle.

Trading Lifecycle Optimization (TLO)

The digital advances in trading environments have spurred the proliferation of algorithmic trading and high-frequency trading (HFT), developments that have reduced the number of traders needed. At the same time, Asia has witnessed increasing fragmentation that is particular to the regional market, spurring the spread of smart order routing (SOR).

Social media and big data are increasingly being used as market data and exerting greater influence on the market at the same time that high touch sales by sell-side firms remains. In addition, increasing diversification is evident with significant variation in the degree of digitization across asset classes and markets, and in terms of liquidity and trade type (bulk, block order, small orders, etc.).

Against this backdrop, a new electronic “hybrid” trading that fuses traditional high-touch trading with HFT and algorithmic trading has emerged in modern capital markets and trading environments. This has extended technology application beyond traditional areas of focus such as trade execution management and portfolio management. Indeed, the role and importance of technology is only growing, particularly in these areas: linking pre-trade compliance in order management, post-trade compliance in the middle office, and the various financial intermediaries (account keepers, transfer agents, administrators, prime brokers) that work across the front, middle, and back offices.

Celent has advocated the concept of trading life cycle optimization (TLO)[1].

TLO has come under scrutiny due to market environment changes that traders face in addition to factors including disparate or unevenly distributed trading technologies as well as trading risks (time, location, asset class, trader).

Hybrid trading environments combining traditional high-touch trading with HFT or algorithmic electronic trading, could clearly serve to benefit from TLO. Spanning the trading process—before, during, and after trading—it is vital to integrate across administration, monitoring, and auditing metrics for governance, risk, and cost (GRC). This makes extremely important to harness market data, which can serve as criteria for TLO.

Trading Lifecycle Optimization (TLO):

Areas targeted for optimization by trading technology block (types of technology used) can be broken down into the following four: infrastructure, operation, trade execution, and allocation.

These technology blocks are very important such as when it comes to audit requirements, sponsor descriptions, trader performance reviews, and identifying automated and discrete ranges. At the same time, these are also seen as crucial functional requirements for the front, middle, and back office systems in next-generation trading.

Celent believes that trading technology modernization should mean for both the sell side and buy side a focus on amending disparity and gaps in this technology.

To be continued – Click to read more

 

Related releases:

Legacy Modernization in the Japanese Securities Industry, Part 1

Legacy Modernization in the Japanese Securities Industry, Part 2


 

WHY MODERNIZE?

Celent has consulted on many securities firm legacy modernization projects. At the outset of these projects, Celent asks the CEO and CIO a number of questions similar to those below.

CEO Questions:

  • How much time and money were required the last time your firm had to rework connections to exchanges, settlement and verification institutions, clearing and settlement institutions and respond to system reform?
  • What is your average cost per transaction? What is your average cost per customer?
  • How many systems must a call center staff member access to answer customer questions? What is the average time required? The average cost?
  • How many staff members are required to work on applications to open a new  account? How many systems must be accessed?
  • What are the foreseen costs and risks associated with outsourcing IT department operations?
  • What are your legacy systems and what are candidates for modernization?

CIO Questions:

  • What was the volume of code that need to be modified the last time your firm had to rework connections to exchanges, settlement and verification institutions, clearing and settlement institutions and respond to system reform?
  • How easy is it for you to integrate existing and new applications?
  • Are you spending more on maintenance or new projects?
  • Is your IT certainly capable of supporting new business acquisitions?
  • How many systems are there for risk management, compliance management and reporting to authorities? How much are your costs to maintain your IT?
  • Do you have any maintenance contracts that will be ending soon?

These are among the questions that executives need to ask themselves when they look to tackle IT challenges (e.g., data model rigidity, lack of application flexibility, IT duplication, and associated labor efforts). If you already know the answers to these questions, then the typical challenges securities firms face spelled out in this post likely do not exist for you. The issues broached here are not the kind of challenges that can be resolved by improving peripheral systems or patchwork core systems solutions.

For financial institutions that have designed, developed, operated, and maintained core systems themselves, formulating a replacement strategy is akin to putting together a plan to travel to an unknown world. Such a situation requires correct understanding, which mandates a bird’s-eye view or systems map of the entire firm (as-is state) coupled with recommendations for the system to be (to-be state).

Moreover, companies must select the solution that best matches their needs from existing solutions in the market. The key is the business requirements document (BRD). This means defining the operational functions and system requirements that will satisfy the next system’s needs. Often, understanding the current situation accurately is not easy, the ideal system goes unrealized, and companies end up with something approximating a reproduction of the legacy system. Thus, it is crucial to distinguish between the legacy and modern systems.

Legacy Systems and Modern Systems: A Comparison:

To be continued – Click to read more

 

Related releases:

Legacy Modernization in the Japanese Securities Industry, Part 1

Legacy Modernization in the Japanese Securities Industry, Part 2

Digital Transformation of the Securities Industry in Japan and Asia

Modularization of Industry

Industries across the board are undergoing structural change. This change extends beyond individual firms and spills across industrial sectors. Other industries that have been exposed to the tide of technology-driven structural changes have through the process harnessed technology to be reinvented as new industries befitting this evolution in industrial structure. The financial industry traditionally has been far from the vanguard of this change.

The proliferation of the Internet and digital technologies is only accelerating the evolutionary modular shift across all industries. This stands in stark contrast to the traditional non-modular, vertically integrated structure (that is to say, the antithesis of a modular structure, where all the products and services are provided through and within one exclusive value chain) that the industry has historically embraced.

However, disruptive new market players have visibly forced conservative, existing entities to begin to seek new approaches; at the same time, regulatory authorities have also started to embark on establishing a new, more robust system for regulating the financial industry.

The Securities Industry of the Future

The securities industry can be regarded as the first sector in the financial industry to have embarked down the path of modularization. A major area that has been involved in this first step toward modularization has been mutual funds.

In the closed model era of brokers and mutual fund firms, which was the norm until the 1960s, mutual fund firms would outsource sales to securities companies (full service brokers). Then, the market witnessed the emergence of no-load funds starting in the 1970s. This era was characterized solely by diversification of sales methods, and was entirely absent changes to the closed model that covered planning, manufacturing, and sales. Finally, change descended on the market in the form of the mutual fund supermarket revolution. Metaphorically speaking, this approach was akin to companies putting mutual funds on the shelves of a supermarket and charging commissions only for the products sold. The interface between mutual fund companies and securities companies opened up, with this the creation and sales components were decoupled and functionally modularized.

The Role of New Technology: Robo-advisor

Robo-advisor initiatives can be expected to accelerate the speed of advances in modular demand structure. Presumably, coming delivery channels will seek to optimize information and investment expertise provided, driven by approaches that respond to the needs of investors by sometimes providing "automated advice" and sometimes harnessing brokers as "a human support mechanism.”

In Japan, megabanks, startups, and dedicated online brokers are all jockeying to leverage their strengths in a way that accords them the most advantageous position possible. Their robo-advisor initiatives so far largely appear tailored to support the sales of mutual funds. As easy-to-use, non-face-to-face channels, they are garnering interest from investors with a level of comfort with IT and a degree of financial literacy. Moving forward, further advancements that draw on both the asset management facet and technology are expected in the 4 areas; diversity of products, diversity of services, automation, accommodating B2B.

Excluding Japan, Hong Kong, and Singapore, Asia is a fragmented market for retail investors, and therefore it’s still inaccessible. In addition, such markets as Taiwan and Korea are showing an increase in home bias. Thus, how the robo-advisor business thrives in the Asian market will depend on its distribution dynamics, along with its asset growth potential and product development.

Legacy modernization in the securities industry is much more than the application of novel technology. Rather, it portends nothing less than a wholesale structural overhaul of the securities industry that is an opportunity to envisage anew and redefine the industry’s future. There can be no doubt that this transcends the mere establishment of a digital channel; rather it will certainly impact products, services, IT units, and sourcing models, and, in so doing, provide the securities service providers of the future a chance to seriously consider exactly what kind of companies they would like to be and the corporate cultures they would like to foster.

 

Related releases:

Legacy Modernization in the Japanese Securities Industry, Part 1

Legacy Modernization in the Japanese Securities Industry, Part 2

Fintech and Robo Advisors: Booming in Japan

Legacy Modernization in Japan’s Financial Industry, Part 2: What the Auto Industry Can Teach the Financial Sector

 

MoneyGram Agrees to Merge with Ant Financial

Through this $880 million deal, Ant will connect MoneyGram’s network of 2.4 billion bank and mobile accounts with Ant’s customers.
Ant, which is working closely with Alibaba, is seeking to expand its global presence amid increasing competition with the Tencent group at home.

Last year, Rakuten, Japan’s top e-commerce firm, downsized its international presence once again, closing its marketplaces in the UK, Spain and Austria, following a streamlining strategy to pull out from Southeast Asia and Brazil last year.
As the Rakuten case shows, the global expansion of e-commerce is more difficult than that of financial services.

The "last-mile" logistics problem still exists in e-commerce, requiring huge assets in local distribution centers.
Meanwhile, in modern financial services, technologies for mobility and security are the key.
In this sense, this M&A deal can be seen as an effective investment. Similar trends will likely accelerate in Asia as well.

2016年後半のカンファレンスを振り返る

カンファレンスは、いつも刺激に溢れています。2016年もアジアの各地で、パネルディスカッションやプレゼンテーションの機会に恵まれました。自らのプレゼンテーションを通じて、過去のリサーチ成果を発信するだけでなく、カンファレンス・チェアやパネル・モデレータの役割は、業界ソートリーダーとのインプロビゼーションであり、将来のリサーチトピックスやインサイトテーマを仕込む、貴重な瞬間です。人が出会い、意見を交換し、議論を深める。そのための準備と当日の緊張感は、アナリストの責務であり、醍醐味でもあります。 本稿では、2016年後半の5つのカンファレンスを振り返ります。銀行、保険、証券、ウェルスマネージメントの各業界の議論に共通したキーワードは、引き続き、フィンテック、デジタル、そしてモダナイゼーションでした。
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Insurance, Digitization and Bubbles(7月1日:東京)

保険業界は変革を迫られています。超低金利、新規事業参入者の増加、激化する価格競争、顧客との関り方の急激な変化が、保険会社の商品/ビジネスモデルを揺さぶっています。モノのインターネットやスマートロボットだけではなく、いまやブロックチェーンも保険業界に大きく影響しつつあります。 こうした新しいテクノロジーは、本当に業界を根底から変えてしまうのでしょうか? 仮に変化があるとするならば、いつ、どんな出来事が、どのような順序で起こるのでしょうか? セレント主催の本イベントでは、世界の保険業界におけるデジタル改革の最新トレンドを紹介し、お招きした日本の保険業界を代表するソートリーダーの皆様と、中長期的な視点での将来像を模索しました。
  • 世界の保険業界におけるデジタルトランスフォーメーションの最新トレンド
  • InsurTechが保険業界の未来、ビジネスモデル、事業運営に与える影響
  • 短期、中長期的な視点での展望、業界の未来図
  • 日本におけるInsurTechの現状と展望
Insurance, Digitization and Bubbles
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Asia Anti-Money Laundering Summit713-14日:シンガポール)

アジアにおいても欧米同様に、規制の継続的な改正、最大手の金融機関における規制違反事例など、AMLの運営管理全般を改善する必要性が高まっています。電子取引の爆発的な普及は新たな課題をもたらしており、金融機関が様々な事象をチェックする際に、もはや規制当局や政府公認のブラックリストだけでは不十分な状況にあります。 AMLはまた、海外業務を展開する大手銀行だけのテーマではなく、全金融機関において同様な備えとその効率化が問われる時代となっています。本イベントは、アジアの保険業界を中心としたコミュニティにおいて、AMLとKYCを真正面から討議する場となりました。 セレントからは当日、以下の既刊レポートを中心に、「ユーティリティモデルの隆盛とAI適用」に関する報告を行いました。 Asia Anti-Money Laundering Summit
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Asia Insurance Technology Awards95-6日:シンガポール)

2016年も引き続き、セレントは、AIR の主催する Asia Insurance Technology Awards (AITAs) の審査員を務めました。アジア各地の保険業界における、イノベーションと現代化に関する先進的な取り組みを表彰するこのイベントは、セレントの主催するアワード:セレントモデルインシュアラー と併せ、当社アジア保険部門の2大イベントとなります。 新たなテクノロジー、ビジネスモデルそして業界構造や組織変革への取り組みが、6つアワードカテゴリーにおいて表彰されました。中でも、Best Newcomerに輝いた Everledger(英国)、Digital Transformationを獲得した PetSure(オーストラリア)の両社は、InsureTech時代を象徴する取り組みと賞賛されました。
  • IT Leadership: Liberty Videocon General Insurance
  • Best Insurer, Technology: New China Life Insurance, Max Life Insurance
  • Digital Transformation: AXA Asia, PetSure (Australia)
  • Big Data and Analytics: AXA Hong Kong
  • Best Newcomer: Everledger
  • Innovation: IDBI Federal Life Insurance, Ping An Property & Casualty Insurance Company of China
Asia Insurance Technology Awards
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5th Asia Insurance CIO Technology Summit95-6日:シンガポール)

AITAと同時開催のアジア保険CIOサミットにおいて、キーノートスピーチ「InsurTech & Digital: A Global Round-Up 」を提供しました。 さて、保険会社の存在価値とは何でしょうか?
  • 安心、安全、健康な人生を支援する
  • 企業活動の全てのリスクを担保する
  • 人生の、企業活動の不安とリスクを軽減する仕組みの提供
様々な表現で語られますが、全てに共通することは、「顧客中心」主義。一方で、これまでの金融機関におけるテクノロジー活用の中心命題が、長らく
  • システム化による、人手から機械への代替による合理化、コスト削減 であったことは事実です。
しかし、テクノロジーの進化とその爆発的な普及は、こうして古典的な命題を激変させました。本キーノートでは、情報とテクノロジーを手にしたデジタルな顧客に対峙する現代の金融機関は、
  • 「デジタルな顧客中心」主義であるべき と提唱しました。
また、デジタル世紀の金融機関が遭遇している、急激な業界構造の変化に対して、
  • 「戦略自由度の担保」とそれを実現する「アーキテクチャ」 も提案しました。
5th Asia Insurance CIO Technology Summit
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TradeTech Asia 20161019-20日:シンガポール)

キャピタルマーケットとウェルスマネージメント業界の祭典 TradeTech Asiaは、今年もシンガポールで開催されました。セレントは長年、このイベントのカンファレンス・チェアやモデレータを務めてきました。ウェルスマネージメントにおけるロボアドバイザーの台頭、トレーディングデスクにおけるAlgoからAIへのシフトが鮮明だった2016年は、アジアの機関投資家の方々と、以下のパネルに参加しました。
All Star Panel: How can you use machine learning and artificial intelligence for predictive analysis and accurate analytics?
当日は、セレントのAIフレームワーク:人口知能モデルを披露し、資本市場、資産運用ビジネスにおける、AI活用の現状と展望に関して、以下の事柄に言及しました。
  • トレーディングライフサイクルの最適化におけるAIの役割
  • 投資分析の予測能力や正確性を向上させるAIの適用方法
  • リサーチ:投資分析やポートフォリオ分析におけるAI活用
  • AIとコンプライアンス:不正取引の監視におけるAIの活用
  • 購入か利用か、構築か?:AIにおけるフィンテック企業の可能性
TradeTech Asia 2016  

Pioneering Unexplored Areas

Japan has been at the forefront of innovation in the asset management—and the broader financial services—industry in Asia, with a number of new and incumbent players rolling out robo-advisory services. Robo-advisors are online platforms that offer investment advice based on sophisticated algorithms mapping portfolios that can look at investment performance across asset classes in real time.

While there is vast potential in this area in Japan, the gains made by the robo-advisory industry may be limited if it does not strive to improve investment literacy and enhance accuracy and transparency of information.

Current robo-advisor initiatives in Japan are largely tailored to support the sales of mutual funds. As easy-to-use, non-face-to-face services, they are garnering interest from investors comfortable with information technology and a degree of financial literacy.

Moving forward, further advancements that draw on both asset management options and technology are expected in the following areas:

  • Diversity of products. Expanding the range of products offered from general, publicly offered mutual funds to a variety of asset classes.
  • Diversity of services. Online onboarding, portfolio management, reports and alerts. Operation support that is a hybrid approach, harnessing both existing contact centers and face-to-face services.
  • Automation. Automated reinvestment and rebalancing. Supporting small-value and high-frequency trading.
  • Accommodating business-to-business (B2B). Pro-level sales support tools developed to offer the advanced features professionals want. Vendor-supplied cloud services and financial institution-supplied white-label service offerings for other financial institutions.

 

Click to read more…

Robo-Advisory in Japan: A Need to Push the Envelope

Robo-Advisory in Japan: A Need to Push the Envelope

Robo-advisors: Booming in Japan
http://asianbankingandfinance.net/financial-technology/commentary/robo-advisors-booming-in-japan

Fintech and Robo Advisors: Booming in Japan
http://celent.com/reports/fintech-and-robo-advisors-booming-japan